What Is Carrom's Origin: Learn The History Of The Famous Tabletop Game
Table of content:
- Who invented carrom board? - The origin of carrom game
- Why is the carrom game popular?
- Carrom game today
- How to play carrom board?
- How many coins are there in carrom?
- What are the basic rules of the carrom board?
- Who is the carrom master in India?
Carrom is a popular indoor tabletop game. The carrom game is commonly played in a group in India often at social events with family or with friends. Carrom is generally played by two or four people.
The game is also known by many other names around the globe such as carrom, couronne, carum, karam, karom, karum, and finger billiards.
Information about carrom board
A carrom board is a smooth and flat square-shaped wooden board that is usually 71-74 cm square. It is generally placed 60-70 cm above the ground level. The corners of the carrom board contain circular holes of 51 mm diameter. All the holes are covered with a net underneath them to catch the pieces.
It is a game that is usually played on a plastic or wooden square-shaped table. The main objective of the game is to put all the discs into the 4 pockets using a striker. The carrom men have 3 colors - Pink, Black, and White. Both black and white carrom men have a count of 9 each in a game. The pink carrom man is called the queen and it has the most value. But to win the queen you need to pocket a cover too. To make the movement of these carrom coins smoother, Indian use Talcum powder and spread it all over the board. Well doesn't this invoke the curiosity to know about the origin of carrom?
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We have already covered How to play carrom and the rules of the game in our article. Click here to learn the rules.
In this article, we will explain the origin of carrom game.
The version of the carrom game that we know has been played for over two hundred years. But games similar to carrom game have been played throughout history for thousands of years which makes the history of carrom too wide.
So, where was carrom invented?
It is believed to have originated in the Indian subcontinent though under a different name. It is said to be invented by the Indian Maharajas. Most likely it was adapted by the Maharajas from the street-style version of carrom existing at that time. One carrom board with a glass surface is still available in a palace in Patiala, India.
The word “carrom” probably originated from Timor in Southeast Asia. From there, the word traveled with the Portuguese to India.
Carrom was also the name of delicious fruit (star fruit).
Slowly, by the late eighteenth century, the English-speaking world became familiar with the word ‘carrom’ in the context of the game of “carrom billiards” which is a game played on a snooker-type table without pockets.
With the passage of time, ‘carrom’ became more common in English usage, due to the growing popularity of billiards.
Carrom has survived in its various forms for thousands of years till the present day because it is an easily adaptable game. Carrom game has different styles of play to suit the needs of the players.
Unlike chess, billiards, etc., carrom has always been a game for the common folk played for simple pleasures. Carrom requires very little investment with just a board, 19 pieces, and a striker. This is why it has always been a very popular pastime, especially in India.
Even today, in villages or cities, there are informal meetings every evening where the locals gather to play carrom.
In India, The International Carrom Federation(ICF) was formed in Chennai, India in 1988, and the formal rules for the Indian version of the carrom game were also published in the same year.
Now, the carrom game has become popular in South Asia, Arabia, including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Bahrain. It is gaining popularity in the west also. Regularly organized tournaments are being held in India and other parts of the world.
With the advent of the internet and the rise of social gaming, carrom game is available online also. You can choose to play against the computer or play against other players. With this, the history of carrom game comes to an end. Now you know the origin of carrom game. Why not play carrom?
You can learn how to play carrom board by watching this.
There are 19 coins in the carrom board game. 9 are black coloured, 9 are white coloured, and 1 is a red coin.
Here are some basic rules of the carrom board game.
- During striking, a player should place their striker between baselines touching the top and bottom lines simultaneously.
- The striker must be flicked in the forward direction only, not horizontally or backward.
- If a player pockets the queen and a piece of its own colour, he gets another turn.
- If a player commits a foul or is not able to pocket any piece, the turn is over.
- When a player is not able to pocket the cover after the queen, the queen is returned to the center.
Anthony Maria Irudayam is the carrom master in India. He has won the World Carrom Championship 2 times and is 9 times the national carrom champion of India. He was awarded the Arjuna Award by the Government of India for his exemplary performance and contribution to the game.
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