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Basics of Poker Games For Beginners

Poker, a game of cards is believed to have roots in 17th-century European games like "Poque" and "Pochen," migrated to the United States during the 19th century Gold Rush. Evolving through the 20th century, it reached a turning point with the establishment of the World Series of Poker in the 1970s, prominently featuring Texas Hold'em. There are multiple poker variants that are played across the world although the game mechanism is somewhat similar to all. 

Today, poker stands as a captivating blend of history and modern adaptation, attracting players worldwide with its rich legacy and ever-evolving gameplay. Thanks to internet players from around the world could now compete in real-time, contributing to the game's global reach.  While a huge section of people feel that it is a completely luck-oriented game, the truth is far from it. 

Here, we have covered some basic of poker rules to give you a good enough understanding for you to learn how to play poker.

Variations Of Poker Game

In poker games there are several variants of poker basics for beginners which are played worldwide by poker lovers. Some of the variants are more popular than others. Let’s dive deep into these basic of poker variants and touch upon its gameplay briefly. 

Texas Hold'em: Texas Hold'em is perhaps the most well-known poker basics for beginners and widely played variant of poker. It is the featured game in the World Series of Poker (WSOP).

  • Each player is dealt two private cards (hole cards), and five community cards are placed face-up in the center of the poker table.
  • The goal is to make the best possible hand using a combination of the player's hole cards and the community cards.

Omaha: Omaha is similar to Texas Hold'em but with a key difference – each player is dealt four-hole cards instead of two. It is yet again one of the poker basics for beginners' game where: -

  • Players must use exactly two of their hole cards and three of the five community cards to form their hand.
  • The extra hole cards add complexity to the game and make for more significant pots.

Seven Card Stud: Seven Card Stud was once the most popular poker variant before the rise of Texas Hold'em. This is one of the basic poker games where you will get seven cards where: -

  • Players receive seven cards, three face-down and four face-up, and must use the best combination of five cards to make their hand.
  • Betting rounds occur after each dealt card, and strategic play is crucial in this format.

Five Card Draw: Five Card Draw is one of the simplest poker variants. 

  • Each player is dealt five private cards, and they have the opportunity to exchange some or all of their cards for new ones in an attempt to improve their hand.
  • There are only two betting rounds, making it a faster-paced game compared to some other variants.

Omaha Hi-Lo (Omaha 8 or Better): This basic poker games variant of Omaha adds an extra layer of complexity by introducing a split pot. 

  • The best high hand and the best low hand (according to specific qualifying rules) share the pot.
  • Players must carefully consider both high and low possibilities when making decisions.

Razz: Razz is a lowball variant of Seven Card Stud where the goal is to have the lowest possible hand. 

  • Aces are low, and straights and flushes don't count against a player.
  • The unique hand rankings make Razz a distinct and challenging form of poker.

HORSE: HORSE is not a single poker variant but a combination of basic poker games with multiple variants played in rotation: Hold'em, Omaha Hi-Lo, Razz, Seven Card Stud, and Seven Card Stud Hi-Lo Eight or Better.

  • Players switch between these games after a set period or number of hands, testing their proficiency in various poker styles.

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Hand Rankings

The strength of a player's hand is determined by the combination of cards they hold, and these combinations are ranked from the highest to the lowest. Knowing hand rankings will help the players to excel at the game. Here is a comprehensive guide to basic of poker hand rankings, starting with the strongest hands:

1. Royal Flush

  • A♦K♦Q♦J♦T♦ of the same suit.
  • This is the highest possible hand and is unbeatable. It consists of the highest-ranking cards in a straight flush.

2. Straight Flush

  • Five consecutive cards of the same suit such as (8♠7♠6♠5♠4♠).
  • If two players have a straight flush, the one with the highest top card wins.

3. Four of a Kind (Quads)

  • Four cards of the same rank such as (A♠4♠4♣4♥4♦).
  • In the event of a tie, the player with the higher set of four cards wins.

4. Full House

  • Three cards of one rank and two cards of another rank such as (A♦A♣A♥J♥J♠).
  • If two players have a full house, the one with the higher set of three cards wins.

5. Flush

  • Five cards of the same suit, not in sequence such as (A♥J♥8♥4♥2♥).
  • If multiple players have a flush, the one with the highest card wins, and if necessary, the next highest cards are compared.

5. Straight

  • Five consecutive cards of different suits such as (8♥7♣6♦5♦4♠).
  • In case of a tie, the one with the highest top card wins.

5. Three of a Kind (Trips or Set)

  • Three cards of the same rank such as (A♠K♥5♠5♦5♣).
  • In case of a tie, the player with the higher set of three cards wins.

6. Two Pair

  • Two sets of pairs such as (A♣K♥5♥K♠5♦).
  • If two players have two pairs, the one with the highest pair wins. If the highest pairs are equal, the second pairs are compared.

7. One Pair

  • Two cards of the same rank such as (A♦A♣7♠4♠2♣2).
  • In case of a tie, the player with the higher pair wins. If the pairs are equal, the remaining cards are used to determine the winner.

8. High Card

  • If no player has any of the above combinations, the winner is determined by the highest card in their hand.
  • If necessary, subsequent cards are compared such as (A♣Q♦9♥6♣3♦) until a winner is determined.

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Important Poker Terms

In order to play the basic of poker efficiently one should learn about the common terms used in poker to simplify the gaming experience. Let’s look into some of the most common terms related to poker.

  1. Forced Bets: In many poker games, especially Texas Hold'em and Omaha, there are forced bets called blinds. The two players to the left of the dealer post the small blind and big blind, respectively, before the start of each hand. Blinds initiate the betting and create a starting pot.
  2. Bluffing: Bluffing is a strategic move where a player makes aggressive bets or raises with a weak hand to mislead opponents into thinking they have a stronger hand. Successful bluffing can be a powerful tool in the basic of poker, but it requires a good understanding of opponents and the ability to read their reactions.
  3. Dealer: The dealer is the person responsible for distributing cards to players, managing the betting rounds, and determining the winner of the hand. In home games, players often take turns being the dealer, while in casinos or formal settings, there is a designated dealer or a rotating dealer button.
  4. Big Blind: The big blind is the larger of the two forced bets made before the start of a basic of poker hand. The player sitting two positions to the left of the dealer posts the big blind. The big blind amount is typically double the small blind, and it helps build the initial pot.
  5. Small Blind: The small blind is the smaller of the two forced bets. The player sitting one position to the left of the dealer posts the small blind. The small blind amount is typically half of the big blind.
  6. Community Cards: Basic of poker games like Texas Hold'em and Omaha, community cards are shared cards placed in the center of the table and used by all players to form their final hand. These cards are dealt face-up and include the flop (three cards), the turn (one card), and the river (one card).
  7. Check: To check is to pass the action to the next player without making a bet. A check is only possible if there hasn't been a bet in the current betting round. If a bet has been made, a player must either call, raise, or fold.
  8. Call: To call is to match the current bet made by a previous player in the same betting round. This keeps a player in the hand and gives them the opportunity to win the pot.
  9. Raise: To raise is to increase the current bet made by a previous player in the same betting round. A raise forces other players to either match the higher bet, re-raise, or fold.
  10. Fold: To fold is to discard one's hand and forfeit any chance of winning the current hand. Players fold when they believe their hand is not strong enough to compete or when the betting becomes too high for their comfort.

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How to Play Poker?

Once you possess an understanding of basic of poker hand rankings and key vocabulary, you have already gained an advantage. This is the section where you will examine how poker is played. Here, we examine the gameplay of Texas Hold'em, a well-liked poker variation.

  • To start the game two players to the left of the dealer post the small blind and big blind, initiate the betting round. The dealer button rotates clockwise after each hand.
  • Each player is dealt two private cards (hole cards) that belong to them alone. These cards are dealt face down.

Betting Rounds

  • Betting Round 1 (Preflop): Starting with the player to the left of the big blind, each player has the option to call (match the big blind), raise (increase the bet), or fold (discard their hand).
  • The Flop: Three community cards are dealt face-up in the center of the table. This is called the flop, and it is shared by all players.
  • Betting Round 2 (Post flop): Starting with the player to the left of the dealer, another round of betting takes place. Players can check, bet, raise, or fold based on their hand and the community cards.
  • The Turn: A fourth community card is dealt face-up beside the flop. This card is known as the turn.
  • Betting Round 3 (Post-turn): Another round of betting occurs, starting with the player to the left of the dealer.
  • The River: The fifth and final community card is dealt face-up next to the turn. This card is called the river.
  • Betting Round 4 (Post- River): The final round of betting takes place, starting with the player to the left of the dealer.
  • Showdown: If there are two or more players remaining after the final betting round, a showdown occurs. Players reveal their hole cards, and the best five-card hand is determined using a combination of their hole cards and the five community cards.
  • Determine the Winner: The player with the best hand, according to the standard poker hand rankings, wins the pot. If two or more players have the same hand, the pot is split.

Structure of Betting

The amount you raise or bet in a round of poker is not completely dependent on the stakes you feel are right – they also depend on the betting structure used in the game. When you learn how to play poker, you must know the differences between these structures and the basic of poker game rules that apply to them.

  • Fixed Limit – There is a fixed amount allotted for each betting.
  • No Limit – The players have complete reign over determining the size of the bet.
  • Pot Limit – The player can raise or bet anywhere between the minimum required for the game and the limit set for the pot.
  • Spread Limit – In this case, there is a predetermined range, which every player will have to follow.
  • Cap Limit – This is similar to the spread limit but slightly different because only the upper limit is locked in this, and the lower limit depends on the variant of the poker you are playing.


To sum up, learning the basic of poker opens up a world of competitive excitement, skill improvement, and strategic thinking. Gaining an understanding of the basic rules, hand rankings, and betting structures is just the first step towards the adventure of becoming an expert in this classic card game. 

Poker is a game of skill, psychology, and flexibility rather than just chance. Competent players develop their ability to assess opponents, compute odds, and make tactical choices that can win or lose a hand. Poker is a very interesting game since it's about more than just the cards on the table. It's about social dynamics in general.

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What is the simplest poker game?

  • The simplest poker game is generally considered to be "Five Card Draw," where each player is dealt five cards and has the opportunity to exchange some or all of their cards for new ones in an attempt to make the best hand.

How can I learn poker on my own?

  • Learning poker easily involves starting with the basic rules and hand rankings, then gradually expanding your knowledge by playing regularly, studying strategy articles, and reviewing your gameplay to identify areas for improvement.

What is the basic version of poker?

  • The basic version of poker typically refers to "Texas Hold'em," where players are dealt two cards each and must combine them with five community cards to make the best possible hand.

Is poker a skill or luck?

  • Poker is a game that combines elements of skill and luck. While luck plays a role in the short term, skillful decision-making, strategic thinking, and understanding probabilities are crucial for consistent success in the long run.

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